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  1. Content type: Original research

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a common disorder that progresses from simple fatty liver (steatosis) to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). It is thought that mitochondrial dysfunction plays a critical r...

    Authors: Toshihiro Sakai, Hiroyuki Ohba, Shingo Nishiyama, Takeharu Kakiuchi, Osamu Inoue and Hideo Tsukada

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:61

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  2. Content type: Original research

    The 18F-THK-5351 radiotracer has been used to detect the in vivo tau protein distribution in patients with tauopathy, such as Alzheimer’s disease and corticobasal syndrome. In addition, 18F-THK-5351 can also moni...

    Authors: Kuo-Lun Huang, Jung-Lung Hsu, Kun-Ju Lin, Chien-Hung Chang, Yi-Ming Wu, Ting-Yu Chang, Yeu-Jhy Chang, Chi-Hung Liu, Meng-Yang Ho, Shiaw-Pyng Wey, Tzu-Chen Yen, Nobuyuki Okamura, Ing-Tsung Hsiao and Tsong-Hai Lee

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:62

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  3. Content type: Original research

    The aim of this work was to confirm that post-selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) 90Y-PET/CT-based dosimetry correlates with lesion metabolic response and to determine its correlation with overall surviva...

    Authors: Hugo Levillain, Ivan Duran Derijckere, Gwennaëlle Marin, Thomas Guiot, Michaël Vouche, Nick Reynaert, Alain Hendlisz, Bruno Vanderlinden and Patrick Flamen

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:60

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  4. Content type: Original research

    Radiation injury can be indistinguishable from recurrent tumor on standard imaging. Current protocols for this differential diagnosis require one or more follow-up imaging studies, long dynamic acquisitions, o...

    Authors: Patrick L. Donabedian, Susanne Kossatz, John A. Engelbach, Stephen A. Jannetti, Brandon Carney, Robert J. Young, Wolfgang A. Weber, Joel R. Garbow and Thomas Reiner

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:59

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  5. Content type: Original research

    Inflammation is associated with major depressive disorder (MDD). Translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO), a putative biomarker of neuroinflammation, is quantified using positron emission tomography (PET) and 11C-PBR28...

    Authors: Erica M. Richards, Paolo Zanotti-Fregonara, Masahiro Fujita, Laura Newman, Cristan Farmer, Elizabeth D. Ballard, Rodrigo Machado-Vieira, Peixiong Yuan, Mark J. Niciu, Chul Hyoung Lyoo, Ioline D. Henter, Giacomo Salvadore, Wayne C. Drevets, Hartmuth Kolb, Robert B. Innis and Carlos A. Zarate Jr

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:57

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  6. Content type: Original research

    Kinetic analysis of dynamic PET data requires an accurate knowledge of available PET tracer concentration within blood plasma over time, known as the arterial input function (AIF). The gold standard method use...

    Authors: Hasan Sari, Kjell Erlandsson, Lisbeth Marner, Ian Law, Henrik B.W. Larsson, Kris Thielemans, Sébastien Ourselin, Simon Arridge, David Atkinson and Brian F. Hutton

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:58

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  7. Content type: Original research

    External cooling of the salivary glands is advised to prevent xerostomia in lutetium-177-PSMA treatment for advanced prostate cancer. Since evidence addressing this subject is sparse, this study aims to determ...

    Authors: Ludwike W. M. van Kalmthout, Marnix G. E. H. Lam, Bart de Keizer, Gerard C. Krijger, Tessa F. T. Ververs, Rememrt de Roos and Arthur J. A. T. Braat

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:56

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  8. Content type: Original research

    There is a growing interest in the use of 18F-FDG PET-CT to monitor tuberculosis (TB) treatment response. However, TB causes complex and widespread pathology, which is challenging to segment and quantify in a rep...

    Authors: Stephanus T. Malherbe, Patrick Dupont, Ilse Kant, Petri Ahlers, Magdalena Kriel, André G. Loxton, Ray Y. Chen, Laura E. Via, Friedrich Thienemann, Robert J. Wilkinson, Clifton E. Barry III, Stephanie Griffith-Richards, Annare Ellman, Katharina Ronacher, Jill Winter, Gerhard Walzl…

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:55

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  9. Content type: Original research

    The present study proposed a new concept for targeted radionuclide therapy (TRT) to improve the intratumoral distribution of radioactivity using two different radiopharmaceuticals. We examined the efficacy of ...

    Authors: Zhao-Hui Jin, Atsushi B. Tsuji, Mélissa Degardin, Aya Sugyo, Yukie Yoshii, Kotaro Nagatsu, Ming-Rong Zhang, Yasuhisa Fujibayashi, Pascal Dumy, Didier Boturyn and Tatsuya Higashi

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:54

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  10. Content type: Short communication

    Quantitative imaging can facilitate patient stratification in clinical trials. The hypoxia-activated prodrug evofosfamide recently failed a phase III trial in pancreatic cancer. However, the study did not atte...

    Authors: Milan Grkovski, Louise Fanchon, Naga Vara Kishore Pillarsetty, James Russell and John L. Humm

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:53

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  11. Content type: Original research

    A major toxicity concern in radioembolization therapy of hepatic malignancies is radiation-induced pneumonitis and sclerosis due to hepatopulmonary shunting of 90Y microspheres. Currently, 99mTc macroaggregated a...

    Authors: Jonathan D. Allred, Jeremy Niedbala, Justin K. Mikell, Dawn Owen, Kirk A. Frey and Yuni K. Dewaraja

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:50

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  12. Content type: Original research

    This study investigated the spatial relationship of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]-fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography ([18F]FDG-PET) standardized uptake values (SUVs) and apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) derive...

    Authors: John M. Floberg, Kathryn J. Fowler, Dominique Fuser, Todd A. DeWees, Farrokh Dehdashti, Barry A. Siegel, Richard L. Wahl, Julie K. Schwarz and Perry W. Grigsby

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:52

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  13. Content type: Original research

    Tracers triggering αvβ3 integrins, such as certain RGD-containing peptides, were found promising in previous pilot studies characterizing high-grade gliomas. However, only limited comparisons have been perform...

    Authors: Sibel Isal, Julien Pierson, Laetitia Imbert, Alexandra Clement, Charlotte Collet, Sophie Pinel, Nicolas Veran, Aurélie Reinhard, Sylvain Poussier, Guillaume Gauchotte, Steeven Frezier, Gilles Karcher, Pierre-Yves Marie and Fatiha Maskali

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:51

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  14. Content type: Original research

    Suboptimal temporal sampling of time-activity curves (TAC) from dynamic 18F-fluoromethylcholine (FCH) PET images may introduce bias in quantification of FCH uptake in prostate cancer assessment. We sought to defi...

    Authors: Xavier Palard-Novello, Anne-Lise Blin, Florence Le Jeune, Etienne Garin, Pierre-Yves Salaün, Anne Devillers, Giulio Gambarota, Solène Querellou, Patrick Bourguet and Hervé Saint-Jalmes

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:49

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  15. Content type: Short communication

    The histamine H3 receptor is regarded as a drug target for cognitive impairments in psychiatric disorders. H3 receptors are expressed in neocortical areas, including the prefrontal cortex, the key region of cogni...

    Authors: Takehito Ito, Yasuyuki Kimura, Chie Seki, Masanori Ichise, Keita Yokokawa, Kazunori Kawamura, Hidehiko Takahashi, Makoto Higuchi, Ming-Rong Zhang, Tetsuya Suhara and Makiko Yamada

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:48

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  16. Content type: Original research

    The potential of the D-isomerization of 4-borono-2-18F-fluoro-phenylalanine (18F-FBPA) to improve its target tumor to non-target normal brain tissue ratio (TBR) was evaluated in rat brain glioma and compared with...

    Authors: Masakatsu Kanazawa, Shingo Nishiyama, Fumio Hashimoto, Takeharu Kakiuchi and Hideo Tsukada

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:47

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  17. Content type: Original research

    The close connection between neuronal activity and glucose consumption accounts for the clinical value of 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) imaging in neurodegenerative disorders. Nevertheless, brain metabolic r...

    Authors: Ambra Buschiazzo, Vanessa Cossu, Matteo Bauckneht, Annamaria Orengo, Patrizia Piccioli, Laura Emionite, Giovanna Bianchi, Federica Grillo, Anna Rocchi, Francesco Di Giulio, Francesco Fiz, Lizzia Raffaghello, Flavio Nobili, Silvia Bruno, Giacomo Caviglia, Silvia Ravera…

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:44

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  18. Content type: Short Communication

    The NMDA receptor radiotracer [18F]GE-179 has been used with 90-min scans and arterial plasma input functions. We explored whether (1) arterial blood sampling is avoidable and (2) shorter scans are feasible.

    Authors: Colm J. McGinnity, Daniela A. Riaño Barros, William Trigg, David J. Brooks, Rainer Hinz, John S. Duncan, Matthias J. Koepp and Alexander Hammers

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:46

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  19. Content type: Original research

    Microvascular function plays an important role in ARVD (atherosclerotic renovascular disease). RFR (renal flow reserve), the capacity of renal vasculature to dilate, is known to reflect renal microvascular fun...

    Authors: Johanna Päivärinta, Niina Koivuviita, Vesa Oikonen, Hidehiro Iida, Kaisa Liukko, Ilkka Manner, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Pirjo Nuutila and Kaj Metsärinne

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:45

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  20. Content type: Original research

    Translocator protein (TSPO) imaging can be used to detect neuroinflammation (including microglial activation) after acute cerebral infarction. However, longitudinal changes of TSPO binding after mild ischemia ...

    Authors: Natsumi Miyajima, Miwa Ito, Takemi Rokugawa, Hitoshi Iimori, Sotaro Momosaki, Shigeki Omachi, Eku Shimosegawa, Jun Hatazawa and Kohji Abe

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:43

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  21. Content type: Original Research

    This study explores various volume of interest (VOI) delineation techniques for fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography with computed tomography (18F-FDG PET-CT) scans during neoadjuvant extre...

    Authors: Marc G. Stevenson, Lukas B. Been, Harald J. Hoekstra, Albert J. H. Suurmeijer, Ronald Boellaard and Adrienne H. Brouwers

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:42

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  22. Content type: Original research

    Accurate attenuation correction (AC) is an inherent problem of positron emission tomography magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) systems. Simulation studies showed that time-of-flight (TOF) detectors can reduc...

    Authors: Urs J. Mühlematter, Hannes W. Nagel, Anton Becker, Julian Mueller, Kerstin N. Vokinger, Felipe de Galiza Barbosa, Edwin E. G. T. ter Voert, Patrick Veit-Haibach and Irene A. Burger

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:41

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  23. Content type: Original Research

    Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), which express integrin αvβ3, are a major fibrogenic factor in NASH pathophysiology. 18F-labeled cyclic arginine-glycine-aspartic acid penta-peptide (18F-FPP-RGD2) has been...

    Authors: Takemi Rokugawa, Haruyo Konishi, Miwa Ito, Hitoshi Iimori, Ryohei Nagai, Eku Shimosegawa, Jun Hatazawa and Kohji Abe

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:40

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  24. Content type: Original research

    The protein cross-linking enzyme tissue transglutaminase (TG2; EC is associated with the pathogenesis of various diseases, including cancer. Recently, the synthesis and initial evaluation of two high...

    Authors: Berend van der Wildt, Micha M. M. Wilhelmus, Wissam Beaino, Esther J. M. Kooijman, Robert C. Schuit, John G. J. M. Bol, John J. P. Breve, Ralf Pasternack, Adriaan A. Lammertsma, Albert D. Windhorst and Benjamin Drukarch

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:39

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  25. Content type: Original research

    The current de facto standard for quantification of tumor metabolism in oncological whole-body PET is the standardized uptake value (SUV) approach. SUV determination requires accurate scanner calibration. Resi...

    Authors: Jens Maus, Frank Hofheinz, Ivayla Apostolova, Michael C. Kreissl, Jörg Kotzerke and Jörg van den Hoff

    Citation: EJNMMI Research 2018 8:38

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