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Table 9 Comparison of %RC and %SD values reported from previous multi-radionuclide studies

From: Evaluation of image quality with four positron emitters and three preclinical PET/CT systems

System Radionuclide Activity (MBq) Acquisition time (min) Algorithm Iterations/updates %RC
1 mm
%RC
2 mm
%RC
3 mm
%RC
4 mm
%RC
5 mm
%SD References
ALBIRA II 18F 8 15 MLEM 25 N/A 0.31 0.60 0.76 0.79 6.4 [11]
68Ga 8 15 MLEM 25 N/A 0.10 0.30 0.42 0.56 6.7  
ARGUS 18F 3.7 20 FORE-2D OSEM 48 0.28 0.8a 0.9a 1.0a 0.92 15.1 [12]
68Ga 3.7 20.88 FORE-2D OSEM 48 0.17 0.3a 0.4a 0.5a 0.72 17.0  
Mediso nanoScan 18F 3.7 30 Tera-Tomo 3D 52 0.18 0.46 0.68 0.79 0.87 5.0a [13]
68Ga 4.19 30 Tera-Tomo 3D 52 0.09 0.20 0.36 0.48 0.60 5.0a  
Inveon 18F 3.7 20 3D-OSEM MAP 2/18 0.2a 0.4a 0.7a 0.8a 1.0a 2a [9]
68Ga 3.7 22.88 3D-OSEM MAP 2/18 0.1a 0.2a 0.4a 0.7a 0.6a 3a  
89Zr 3.7 80.4 3D-OSEM MAP 2/18 0.2a 0.4a 0.6a 0.8a 0.9a 2a  
Molecules 18F 4–8 20 3D-OSEM 100 0.3 0.79 0.85 1.01 0.97 N/A [14]
11C 4–8 30 3D-OSEM 100 0.52 0.56 0.86 0.93 1.02 N/A  
68Ga 4–8 20 3D-OSEM 100 0.11 0.35 0.46 0.56 0.57 N/A  
  1. MLEM maximum-likelihood expectation–maximization, FORE-2D OSEM Fourier rebinning followed by 2D ordered-subsets expectation-maximization, 3D-OSEM MAP 3D ordered-subsets expectation-maximization in combination with maximum a posteriori, 3D-OSEM 3D ordered-subsets expectation-maximization
  2. aValues have been derived from the reference Figures and are approximate, N/A = the value is not reported in the reference