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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Impact of external cooling with icepacks on 68Ga-PSMA uptake in salivary glands

Subjects Intervention group (N = 44) Control group (N = 45)  
Left-sided icepacks (N = 24) Bilateral icepacks (N = 20) No icepacks (N = 45) p value*
Age (years)
 Mean (± SD) 72.79 (± 4.86) 71.00 (± 5.91) 70.67 (± 7.57) 0.46
 Range (years) 64–81 62–82 49–91  
Initial Gleason Score (N) 24 (0 missing) 18 (2 missing) 41 (4 missing) 0.17
 Low risk(< 7) 9 9 8  
 Intermediate risk (7) 7 5 19  
 High risk (> 7) 8 4 14  
PSA at scan (ng/ml)
 Mean (± SD) 24.3 (± 35.23) 11.79 (± 10.61) 18.17 (± 31.68) 0.38
 Range 1.10–164.7 0.12–35.0 0.20–120.0  
Scan indication (N) 24 (0 missing) 20 (0 missing) 45 (0 missing)  
 - Primary staging 5 2 4  
 - Re-staging 19 17 35  
 - Other indications 0 1 6  
Previous therapy regimens (N) 24 (0 missing) 19 (1 missing) 45 (0 missing)  
 - No treatment 5 0 4  
 - Radical prostatectomy 3 6 17  
 - Radiation therapy 10 11 12  
 - Radiation therapy + hormonal therapy (Bolla [23]) 2 1 7  
 - Other treatment regimens 4 1 5  
Adjuvant/salvage (radiation/hormonal) therapy regimens (N) 24 (0 missing) 17 (3 missing) 44 (1 missing) 0.34
 - Yes 9 3 11  
 - No 15 14 33  
  1. *p < 0.05 is considered significant