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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Lower serotonin transporter binding in patients with cervical dystonia is associated with psychiatric symptoms

Characteristics CD with jerks (n = 12) CD without jerks (n = 11) Controls (n = 14) p value
Age, y, median (IQR) 62 (51.5–63.75) 54 (46–62) 61 (55–62) 0.27
Men, n (%) 6 (50%) 5 (45%) 7 (50%) 0.97
Tsui, median (IQR) 9 (7.5–13) 7.5 (5–14) N/A 0.49
TWSTRS total, median (IQR) 16.5 (14.5–21) 14 (13.5–19) N/A 0.28
UMRS, median (range) 12.5 (7–19) 1 (0.5–2) N/A < 0.001
Psychiatric disorders, n (%) 6 (50%) 8 (73%) 2 (14%) 0.01
Anxiety disorder, n (%) 4 (33%) 6 (55%) 1 (7%) 0.03
Depressive disorder, n (%) 2 (17%) 3 (27%) 0 (0%) 0.13
BDI, median (IQR) 4.5 (2.25–9.5) 5 (3–9) 1.5 (0–3) 0.007
MADRS, median (IQR) 2 (0–3.75) 4 (0–9) 0.5 (0–2) 0.03
LSAS, median (IQR) 10.5 (2–33.5) 17 (5–44) 4 (0.75–8.5) 0.03
BAI, median (IQR) 5.5 (3.25–12.25) 4 (1–12) 0.5 (0–1) 0.002
  1. p values are depicted for comparisons between the three groups in all cases except for Tsui, TWSTRS, and UMRS, where only the two groups of patients are compared
  2. BAI Beck Anxiety Inventory, BDI Beck Depression Inventory, CD cervical dystonia, IQR interquartile range, LSAS Leibowitz Social Anxiety Scale, MADRS Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale, TWSTRS Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale, UMRS Unified Myoclonic Rating Scale