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Table 3 Information provided by different intraoperative imaging modalities

From: Introducing navigation during melanoma-related sentinel lymph node procedures in the head-and-neck region

  2D information 3D information Acoustic read-out Numerical read-out Visual read-out Depth information Anatomical detail
Neoprobe gamma probea ,b + +
Sentinella gamma cameraa, b + + + + (Gamma image)
PDE fluorescence cameraa, b + + (Fluorescence image) +/− +
(Chrystal) gamma camera combined with freehandSPECT (incl. Navigation of Chrystal gamma probe and acoustic confirmation with the same probe)a + + + + + (Gamma image) +
Fluorescence camera combined with freehandSPECT + + + + + (Gamma + fluorescence image) + +
  1. 2D two-dimensional, 3D three-dimensional
  2. aTechnologies applied in this study
  3. bRoutine modality used for the procedures describe in the study