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Table 1 An overview of studies in patients with AAAs which are investigated with 18F-FDG PET scanning

From: 18F-FDG PET scanning of abdominal aortic aneurysms and correlation with molecular characteristics: a systematic review

Research group No. of patients Mean age in years Mean AAA diameter in mm Time of scanning after FDG Method of PET analysis Correlation of PET uptake with
Sakalihasan et al. [11] 26 72 63 60 Visual Growth, symptoms, leaking and rupture
Reeps et al. [14] 12 69 59 90 SUVmax AAA disease, symptoms, histopathologic characteristics of aneurysm wall instability
Truijers et al. [13] 17 71 40 60 SUVmax AAA disease
Kotze et al. [20] 14 73.6 54 180 (SUVmax)
Menezes et al. [27] 17 74 53 45, 60, 120, 180 TBR (SUVmax)
Kotze et al. [22] 25 75 50 180 TBR (SUVmax) Inverse correlation between baseline FDG uptake and future aneurysm expansion
Muzaffar et al. [28] 15 74 50 60 SUVmax
Marini et al. [17] 12 73 48 60–90 TBR (SUVmax) Lower FDG uptake in AAA patients compared to controls
Palombo et al. [16] 40 74 49 ≥60 Visual, TBR (SUVmax) Lower FDG uptake in AAA patients compared to controls
Tegler et al. [15] 12 65 58 60 SUVmax,
Reeps et al. [24] 18 71 56 90 SUVmax, SUVmean Symptoms, histopathologic characteristics of aneurysm wall instability
Courtois et al. [25] 8 PET+ 78 54.5 60 TBR (SUVmax) Growth, symptoms, histopathologic characteristics of aneurysm wall instability
10 PET− 75 58.5 60  
Courtois et al. [26] 6 PET+ 79 54.5 60 TBR (SUVmax) Histopathologic characteristics of aneurysm wall
6 PET− 72 56.5 60   
Kotze et al. [23] 40 75 48.5 180 TBR (SUVmax) Negative correlation with aneurysm expansion
Nchimi et al. [12] 53 (6 TAA) 72 41.7 54–100 TBR (SUVmax) Future clinical events, wall stress
Barwick et al. [19] 151 74 50 90 TBR (SUVmax) Lower SUVmax in AAA patients compared to controls
Morbelli et al. [18] 30 74.6 49 90 TBR (SUVmax) Lower FDG uptake in AAA patients compared to controls
Morel et al. [21] 39 71 46 90 TBR (SUVmax) Inverse correlation between baseline FDG uptake and future aneurysm expansion
  1. TBR = Target to Background Ratio